Articles on Globalization

Globalization is the free movement of goods, services and people across the world. In this article we discuss the meaning and importance of globalization.

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The article introduces the readers to the global economic crisis which started in the summer 2007. Lets discuss the factors that were responsible for this crisis.

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Lets understand the salient aspects of the global economy along with the structural features and the way in which several trends and factors influence the working of the global economy.

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The experience of the Indian economy in the aftermath of the global economic crisis has been mixed. Lets discuss the impact of the global economic crisis on India.

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Globalization has ensured that all countries have the same entry level and there are no barriers to trade. Lets discuss the key drivers of globalization.

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Globalization can mean loss of livelihoods for the people who have lost their jobs because of it. Lets discuss the disadvantages of Globalization and how we can overcome them.

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According to many economists the Global Economy is facing severe headwinds which can culminate in a - Global Perfect Storm, in the beginning of year 2013.

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There is a close connection between economics and finance. Generally, recessions are caused due to a combination of both or the coming together of economic and financial factors.

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For a long time the global economy was divided into the developed West and the developing economies of Asia and Africa. Lets understand the changes that have taken place in the global economy during the past few years.

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Derivatives are Financial Instruments that are derived from the value of the underlying asset. The article discusses the role of Derivatives in causing the Global Financial Crisis.

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There was too much debt in the global economy and when the payments came due and the tipping point was reached, the entire global economy almost crashed. Lets discuss how debt causes global economi crisis.

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The article discusses important points which states that the Indian economy is on a downward spiral and unless urgent steps are taken to revive the economy, we might be headed for a severe recession.

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The economic crisis was spread across the world mainly due to the tight integration of the global economy. The article discusses in detail about the future of globalization in the aftermath of the economic crisis.

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Trickle Down Theory states that wealth which is created at the top level, trickles down to the bottom of the ladder. Lets understand the relationship between globalization and trickle down theory in detail.

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The ongoing economic crisis has seen widely varying responses that still had some commonalities in their response. This article discusses the responses to the crisis from different countries by examining the examples of different countries in the world.

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Emerging Markets or the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) have used globalization to their advantage instead of being the victims of the global economic crisis.

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This article discusses the economic conundrum of unemployment and austerity that is haunting the west. The key theme in this article is that without growth, there are no jobs and there is no growth with austerity leading to a situation where the policymakers have to decide whether they would want to pursue austerity or whether they want to grow.

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The historical origins of the present global economic crisis lie in the decision of the United States to withdraw from the gold standard in 1971. This article discusses this event and the repercussions of the same that are being felt to this day. The key theme in this article is that the solution to the present crisis is through a return to the gold standard and a new Bretton Woods kind of agreement among the nations of the world.

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This article discusses the need to use the present crisis as an opportunity to set right the wrongs of capitalism that have got us into this mess. This article uses the metaphor of a bee that creates wealth and the locusts that destroy wealth to emphasize the fact that we must get rid of the locusts and give more chance to the bees so that future generations benefit.

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This article outlines the reasons for India to embark on another round of reforms in the same way that was done in 1991. The key theme in this article is that the Indian economy must be managed in such a manner that would make it domestically resilient and at the same time open to foreign winds without being swept off one’s feet by them.

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The global economic recovery is faltering because consumers are paying down their existing debts, saving for future crises, and are generally shying away from the kind of binge consumerism of the last two decades. When salary hikes and bonuses are cut down and even layoffs being the norm, individuals would focus on the existing debt and saving for a rainy day instead of consumption because of which growth is elusive and hence, the global economic recovery is faltering.

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This report evaluates the attractiveness of the emerging markets to western investors and assesses the challenges of doing business in those countries. The key themes in this report are that despite the many challenges inherent to the emerging markets, they represent a valuable investing opportunity.

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This report assesses and evaluates the current hydrocarbon based fuel regime or the oil driven global energy paradigm by considering its limitations in the future and evaluating the opportunities and challenges in transitioning to a new energy paradigm. The key theme in this report is that time is running out for us to transition and if the future generations have to have a lifestyle that is at least similar to ours or if not better, the need to transition becomes that much more urgent.

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This report examines the changing world of work in the 21st century and dissects what the trends shaping work in contemporary times mean for employers and workers. The key theme of this report is that the brave new world of work while exciting and enticing at the same time needs to be understood in the proper context and taken advantage of if one has to succeed in these competitive and fast-paced work arrangements. Apart from this, this report examines how the rise of the internet is revolutionizing the way work is done in the global economy.

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Because of the convergence of globalization, technology, outsourcing, and the deepening economic downturn, work is no longer, what it used to be traditionally. Newer forms of work are emerging and in the marketplace of tomorrow, those who are faster, lighter, nimbler, and agile would win the day. This report examines these trends in a detailed and incisive manner and provides some insights into how the future of work might shape up. The focus of this report is on providing the students and professionals with guideposts on how they can navigate the changing world of work.

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This report evaluates and assesses the growth prospects in the emerging markets of Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Turkey (MINTs) and analyzes whether they can replace the original emerging markets of Brazil, Russia, India, and China in the portfolios of global investors. The key themes in this report are that one has to take a hard headed and sober assessment of the opportunities and the challenges in each of these groupings and one has to be circumspect before the decision is made. This report presents these themes in an evenhanded manner. The report also focuses on how global capital is always in search of yields and returns and this is the bottom line for any investor.

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This report explains what is meant by impact investing and analyzes the challenges and opportunities for this emerging trend. Impact investing is all about making profits while doing social good, which means that unlike the much-hated corporations that exploit the environment and render social inequities, firms that are impact investment oriented ensure that they return profits and at the same time do not impose costs on society. This is the key theme in this report, which also lists some firms that are driven by impact investments and have been successful as well.

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This article discusses the impact of the ageing of the western societies on the healthcare systems and the broader economy. The key theme in this article is that the shock of gray or the increase in the number of retirees would add to the strain of the already stressed out healthcare systems in the west as well as causing a double whammy of declining contributions from the retirees and increasing outlays for their healthcare.

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This article compares and contrasts the healthcare systems around the world by examining the various healthcare systems in the West and the East. The key theme in this article is that healthcare is too critical a sector to be left to the private sector and hence, in the interests of social welfare and social justice, the governments across the world must provide for healthcare of their citizens.

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This article explains the common pitfalls of the Canadian health care system. The article describes that even though Canada provides free health care for all its patients, the quality of such healthcare is severely compromised.

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This article discusses the emerging phenomenon of medical tourism and analyzes its implications for the Asian countries that are at the forefront of this phenomenon. The key theme in this article is that given the overburdened and overpriced not to mention the decline in medical care in the west, the Asian countries offer better advantages, which are also lucrative given that the westerners pay in hard currency.

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This article discusses the benefits of automation of the value chain activities in the healthcare sector. The key theme in this article is that automation is especially crucial in the healthcare sector as human lives are impacted in a direct manner. This article examines the healthcare sectors from around the world to substantiate the key themes in this article.

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This article discusses the sad state of affairs in the healthcare systems around the world that have become more expensive and at the same time, with governments cutting down on social spending is leading to a dire situation. The key theme in this article is that the private sector has an important role to play in ensuring a healthier workforce which is a more productive workforce and which leads to wealthier societies.

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This article discusses the need for accountability in the Healthcare sector in countries around the world. The article first defines what accountability is, delineates the scope, then compares, and contrasts how accountability is practiced in the healthcare sectors in the United States and other regions in the world.

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This article discusses the implications of the passage of the Health Care Reform Act of 2010 in the United States and its implications for the future of affordable and universal healthcare. The key theme in this article is that thought the bill in its present form is far from perfect, nonetheless, it addresses several shortcomings of the Health Care System in the US especially where the poor and the less privileged are concerned.

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Though the healthcare sector is among the world’s foremost users of cutting edge technology, there remains an area of operation where it has lagged behind other sectors. This is the use of EHRs or Electronic Health Records for storing and retrieving patient information across the healthcare supply chain. This article discusses the benefits and the issues that the use of EHRs entails to the healthcare community. The key take away from this article is that the healthcare sector would usher in greater transparency and accountability through the use of the EHRs.

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This article discusses the three problems of high current account deficit, falling rupee, and rampant inflation and what they mean for the Indian economy. The key theme in this article is that all three of them are interrelated and feed on each other to produce a “perfect storm” of a crisis that can strike the country in the near future.

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This article discusses how health insurance works around the world and the role of the state in providing healthcare and health insurance. The key theme in this article is that health insurance is a topic on everyone’s mind as affordable and quality healthcare are basic aspects of one’s life. Further, the other aspect that is discussed in this article is that wherever the state cannot guarantee free healthcare of high quality, it must make provisions so that citizens are subsidized for the treatment in private hospitals.

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This article discusses the graying of societies in the west or the shock of gray and its implications for the healthcare sectors in these countries. The key theme in this article is that the western societies and their healthcare sectors must ramp up on the infrastructure and must move beyond the current paradigm of providing quality care only to those who can pay.

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The recent decision of the European Union to ask depositors in Cyprus to part with their money has sent shivers down the spine of many Europeans. This article discusses the implications of this move and what it portends for other countries in the world.

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This article explains what is meant by the term demographic dividend and the term demographic deficit. Further, this article also explains how these impact economic growth and the challenges before nations that are confronted with these trends. In addition, this article also examines the cases of India and Japan and how the partnerships of the future would be shaped by nations with youthful populations but not enough capital and nations with elderly populations but with enough capital for a win-win situation.

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This article explains why growth worldwide is slowing down and despite the best efforts of the policymakers, it is not reviving. In addition, this article also explains the paradox of falling growth and rising stock markets. Further, this article explains what is meant by the term “The New Normal” which is used to describe the current economic situation.

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This article exposes the other side of contract farming. It explains how this arrangement can turn into a one sided arrangement that borders on exploitation of business partners. The asymmetry between the multinationals and their partners is explained in this article.

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This article explains the concept of crop insurance. It defines the concept of reference yield and explains how losses are calculated. It also lists down the various risks that are faced while taking crop insurance.

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This article discusses the present business climate for industries and firms in India. The key themes in this article are that while there has been some movement in terms of reforms, the structural changes to laws related to labour and land have to take off for meaningful growth and investments.

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This article examines the emergence of Robot Advisors or automated financial investment entities in Asia. The key themes in this article are that the convergence of complex financial products and cutting edge technology has led to what can be called financial technology which is poised to be the next hottest niche in banking and finance.

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This article examines the current trends because of which the Indian IT sector is going through a rough phase and where there are tough times ahead. Among the reasons analyzed are macroeconomic, microeconomic, and structural factors. The key theme in this article is that the Indian IT firms must evolve from coding machines into consulting and analytics driven work if they are to move up the value chain.

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This article exposes the duplicity of the fake austerity measures that are being implemented worldwide. It explains how these measures are in fact aimed at providing benefits to groups which have vested interests rather than help the general economy as a whole.

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This article explains the logic behind Bank of America’s recession warning. The causes that may lead to the recession have been listed. It has also been explained as to why dealing with this recession may be much more difficult than expected.

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This article explains the negative predictions that are being made about the information technology industry in India. It lists down the challenges and the changes in the work environment and explains why adapting to them might be difficult for Indian IT players.

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This article explains the issues involved in the boardroom battle in Tata group i.e. one of India’s largest conglomerates. It lists down the acquisitions and the counter acquisition to provide the reader with an in-depth understanding of the issues.

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This article explains the concept of trickle down economics. It explains why it may work and also lists down the reasons that could impede its working. At the same time, it also explains why Hillary Clinton’s policy would turn out to be a worse alternative.

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This article explains the absurdity of Trump’s claims about economic growth. It explains why India and China’s growth story is not a dream come true. It also explains why trying to grow at a similar rate will be disastrous for America.

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In this article, the topic of demonetization of high-value notes has been explained. The causes of the demonetization, as well as the likely effect that it will have on the economy, have all been explained in this article.

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This article examines the impact of Demonetization on the Indian Economy from multiple perspectives. Considering that this topic is the subject of much debate and discussion at the moment, this article attempts to “demystify” the whole issue by providing some pointers as well as explaining the stakes and the concepts in ordinary language. The key themes in this article are that the two-quarters ending in Jan and March 2017 would be the litmus test for the exercise and hence, the economic impact can be gauged from the figures and indicators for these quarters.

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This article examines the movement towards a digital economy and using digital payments from multiple perspectives. Considering that digital models and paradigms are the much discussed and debated topics at the moment, this article breaks down the what, why, how, and if aspects of the digital economy. The key themes in this article are that while embracing digital paradigms is indeed logical and evolutionary; there must be a digital backbone that supports such models.

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For the first time in human history, technology is poised to overtake human mental capabilities. The emerging digital economy has raised utopian hopes as well as dystopian nightmares. This article considers the promise as well as the peril of this new paradigm and concludes with a realistic assessment that ultimately it is up to us to use it for good or bad.

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This article explains the increasing closeness of China and Europe. It explains why China is investing huge sums of money and trying to develop economic relationships with Europe which is perceived as an overleveraged and almost bankrupt continent.

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This article explains the economic implications of a Donald Trump presidency. It lists some of the important economic policies and then explains their effects one by one.

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This article supports Donald Trump’s views on immigration policy. It is attempt to forget the racist agenda for once and look at the issues that are caused by illegal immigration. Curbing of illegal immigration will then lead to getting rid of these issues.

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This article explains the difference between immigration policies that were in place in the 19th century United States and today. The article provides a step by step explanation as to why the very concept of open borders is anathema to a welfare state. The article recommends choosing between the two alternatives since both cannot coexist.

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This article discusses different proposals on how Donald Trump plans to make Mexico pay for the wall. The viability of each proposal, as well as the pros and cons of each, have been listed down in this article.

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This article explains Donald Trump’s viewpoint on North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). It takes a closer look at the provisions in NAFTA and explains why it is indeed a horrendous deal from America’s point of view.

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This article explains why prohibition is a bad economic policy. It explores the drug problem from an economic point of view and explains why law enforcement is nothing but a wastage of resources. This article is a classic example of how sometimes moral judgment and economic sense can be at odds.

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This article explains why the economy of Scotland is deteriorating. It also explains the possible impacts of a Scottish independence would be on its economy and hence why pressing for independence is a bad idea.

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This article explains the issues with the Saudi Arabian economy. It explains how Saudi might end up being bankrupt over the next few years if corrective measures are not immediately undertaken.

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This article explains the myth that socialism is behind the economic prosperity of the Nordic nations. It explains that Nordic countries are not socialistic at all and the success is the result of their culture and not of socialism.

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The key themes that emerge in this article are that globalization has had both a homogenizing and a diversifying effect on leaders of companies, states, and regions. This means that globalization has succeeded in ensuring a global mindset among some leaders and at the same time has made other leaders parochial and narrow-minded in their approach. This is the dichotomy that this article explores in detail in the succeeding sections.

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This article argues for Governments and Businesses to work together to mitigate the Disruption and Dislocation to jobs and other aspects of the economy to automation. Indeed, the key theme in this article is that emerging Fourth Industrial Revolution is unlike earlier waves of innovation and hence unless steps are taken, we might very well witness massive social unrest due to rising costs of living and falling wages and joblessness.

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As the World Ages, all stakeholders must plan for the various aspects of the financial, physical, infrastructural, and social challenges of the Graying Societies and this article examines some of the challenges and proposes some tentative approaches. The key themes in this article are that unless we prepare for how to provide pensions to the elderly, ensure medical attention to them, and have enough people to take care of them, growing old can become a curse and place strains on all stakeholders.

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Any firm exists to make profits, and for this, it needs to grow. This article explains the different strategies that firms follow to increase their profits and to actualize growth. The key theme in this article is that some basic rules of growth are the same in any economy and on top of that, firms devise different strategies based on time, geography, sector, and distance. Further, this article also takes a chronological sweep to understand how growth strategies have evolved over the years.

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This article explains the H1B visa. It also explains how this visa was being misused. Then it lists the new rules that will be put into practice by the Trump administration, and they are likely to solve the problem.

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This article explains the negative consequences of H1B visa ban on the American economy. It debunks the popular belief that getting rid of immigrants and “reclaiming” American jobs would make America great again!

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This article debunks common misconceptions that make people believe that their jobs can be stolen. It also explains how immigrants and Americans are competing against each other for the same set of jobs. They are not complementing each other’s skills as was thought earlier.

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This article examines the many disruptions that have been the characteristic of the Indian Telecom sector over the years. As part of this analysis, this article explores the past to understand the present and make some educated predictions. The key theme in this article is that despite all the disruptions, the Indian Telecom Sector remains attractive to Global Telecom Majors for the near future.

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This article explains how Greece’s economy can be constructed grounds up. It explains the various challenges facing the Greek economy. It then provides a step by step methodology to be followed to convert Greece from a defaulter to an economic powerhouse.

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This article explains how automation is going to impact the employment scenario. It explains the rapid steps that mankind is making in the direction of automation. It provides a realistic and unbiased view of how automation is likely to affect job creation in the future.

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This article discusses the pros and cons of Bill Gates’ proposal to levy a tax on robots. It explains the pros and cons in detail before arriving at a conclusion.

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This article explains the concept of “internet of things”. It also explains why it is popular amongst the businesses and not amongst the consumers. The article also lists down the biggest challenge being faced by this technology.

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This article explains the concept of pollution tax. It explains the rationale behind this tax and how it could put an end to the pollution problem. Also, it explains the possible pitfalls that the tax may face if it is implemented by a single regime only. The Pollution tax is a global solution and must be implemented as such.

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This article explains the tax regime in place in Dubai. It explains how Dubai is far from being a no tax country. The various taxes levied are listed and explained in this article.

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This article is a primer about the internet business environment in China. It lists down some of the biggest companies in the Chinese markets. It explains why these companies are successful within China but not outside of China.

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This article introduces the concept of water privatization. It explains how privatization is the norm in many parts of the world. The pros and cons of privatization are then listed out to provide the user a complete picture.

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This article explains the economics of electric cars. It begins by summarizing the success story of Elon Muskís Tesla. It then continues to list down the economic and regulatory reasons that have an impact on the mass adaptation of electric cars.

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This article explains the significant infrastructure push that Americans are about to receive under the Trump administration. It also explains how it likely to be funded and how the capital will be rationed amongst various projects.

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Is more the better at all times, or, is small beautiful? This article examines the pros and cons of our current growth at all costs economic and social model and argues that it is time for us to embrace sustainability and responsibility in our lifestyles and paradigms. Otherwise, we would be perhaps facing a dark future for which the coming generations would suffer.

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Firms love growth and shareholders are happy as long as they are growing. Having said that, not all firms achieve the desired growth, and this article examines some strategies that firms can actualize to grow and become market leaders. The key theme in this article is that there is no one single approach to growth and it depends on sensing and intuiting the market trends to adopt and adapt a particular growth strategy.

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This article provides an explanation about the Canadian housing bubble. It lists down the reasons which are causing this housing bubble. It then also lists down the possible effects that this bubble is likely to have on the market.

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The contemporary organizations are learning to manage the latest and newest entrants who are the Millennial Generation. This is perhaps the first generation which is radically different from earlier ones, and hence, managers and organizations need to understand what makes them tick and manage them accordingly. This article examines such approaches that managers in contemporary organizations can employ to manage the Millennials.

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The Millennials or those born between 1985 and 2000 and who are known thus as they have come of age in the Millennium need to understand as to what makes their consumer behavior tick. For this, the marketers need to be aware of some aspects about this age cohort which can help them greatly. This article examines some approaches that marketers can adopt when Marketing to the Millennials.

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This article explains the history of protectionism. It also explains why protectionism is a dangerous policy. The pitfalls of the policy, as well as previous implementations, are listed to demonstrate that the measures being enacted by Donald Trump are neither new nor novel and have zero chance of being effective.

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This article is a case study of the Indian corporates, Infosys, and the TATA group, about the issues being faced by them over the last two to three years and which hold important insights and learning’s for all organizations. As part of the discussion, this article examines several insights that arise from the ongoing sagas of these two firms and which are essential for all students and practitioners of management.

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This article explains the economic model behind Singapore’s success. It enumerates Singapore’s achievements and also explains how both capitalism and welfare state form part of the Singapore model.

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How do firms such as Uber, AirBnB, and Upwork compete in the emerging digital economy? Are there any downsides to this new world of work? Or, is it a win-win proposition for all stakeholders? This article explores these themes and recommends that all stakeholders come together to usher in the next wave of innovation and revolution in the way business works so that everyone benefits in the end.

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This article examines the causes of the present economic slowdown in the Indian Economy by analyzing threadbare the factors that have caused it. The key themes in this article revolve around the longer term trends as well as the shorter duration consequences of Demonetization and GST as well as the global slowdown in addition to globalization being on a slow slope.

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This article explains the reasons why it is impossible to run the government like a business. It describes how the two forms of organizations are fundamentally different and how Trump has made misleading claims.

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This article explains the business model of AirBnB. It also lists down and describes the common issues affecting people in the AirBnB ecosystem.

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The Indian Economy has been in the news for the wrong reasons. Faced with a slowdown and the possibility of faster growth, not on the horizon, the chances of a New Normal of low growth and slower job creation loom large on the radar. This article explains the reasons for the New Normal and argues that the structural reforms that have been introduced would take time to materialize into actual results on the ground. The key theme in this article is that it is better to be realistic instead of being overly optimistic and at the same time, not giving in to pessimism.

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It is a fact that immigration to the West has become more difficult in the present times. The election of President Trump in the United States and the Brexit Vote in the United Kingdom have made immigrants unwelcome. Moreover, even Australia and New Zealand are tightening the rules. However, Canada and Germany seem to be attractive. This article explains the present situation in these countries as far as immigration is concerned and suggests some steps that potential immigrants can take.

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This article discusses the global race between American and Chinese firms for profitability and sheer survival. The key themes that are examined include the levels of support that they are getting from their respective governments as well as how both governments are aiding them in their quest for global domination. In addition, this article also discusses other trends in the global economy.

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Indian Corporates are struggling with high debts and low growth. This has created a double whammy for them which are further compounded by Demonetization and GST. Perhaps, this is the first serious domestic downturn since the liberalization of the Indian Economy and comes at a time when oil prices are at historical lows and the global economies are rebounding. The government is trying to help them through stimulus and other policy measures. This article examines these themes from multiple perspectives.

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This article examines and analyzes the impact of Demonetization on the Indian Economy. The discussion is as much about analyzing the impact on the economy as it is about the need to introduce behavioral changes in a gradual and planned manner. The key theme of this article is that structural changes take the time that too in a complex economy such as India, and hence, it would have been better if the measure was phased and not sudden.

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The present wave of populism and protectionism threatens the gains from globalization. The public anger after the 2008 crisis should be addressed for mutual prosperity. Further, financial globalization is continuing, and trade led globalization is faltering. Thus, this article analytically examines these themes and suggests that unless we address the causes of the populist anger, we might yet again witness another crisis.

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There is an energy revolution underway across the world. The transition from nonrenewable energy to renewable sources presents opportunities for global investors and firms who can benefit literally as well as metaphorically from the “Windfall” of the sunny investments and the highly charged returns that come from such investments. This article explains the reasons for this energy shift and discusses how global firms and investors can profit from these trends.

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