Job Interview - Meaning, Tips for Interviewee & Interviewer
An interview means a face to face interaction between the interviewer and the candidate/candidates so as to obtain desired information from him/them. It can also be defined as a way of exchanging meanings between individuals by using a common set of symbols. Interviews generally need a preparation. Job interviews seem frightening, even if the individual is well prepared. Interviews have a definite structure. Clear communication should take place during an interview. All interviews have a definite purpose familiar to the interviewer and the candidate/interviewee.
Tips for the Interviewee
- The interviewee should be dressed formally, and not casually. Have a pleasing appearance as the candidates personality is a significant part of the communication.
- Always carry an extra CV, a notepad to write on, a pen, and all essential things required in an interview.
- Practice, practice and practice in advance. Prepare and rehearse for the unexpected also.
- Research a lot about the organization for which you are being interviewed.
- As soon as the interview gets over, pen down the name of the interviewer, your strengths and weaknesses, answers to questions raised by you during the interview and the feedback of the interviewer.
- Be punctual. Try reaching before time for the job interview.
- Do not indulge in a fight or argument with the interviewer.
- Answer the questions specifically, truly and undoubtedly.
- Be courteous and sophisticated during an interview.
- Just be yourself. Do not boast about yourself. The interviewer is smart enough to judge the candidates intelligence and aptness for the job.
- Do not make negative statements or comments about your past employer.
- Your body language should be positive during the interview, i.e., maintain an eye-to-eye contact with the interviewer, sit in well balanced and confident posture, do not lean on the table, do not yawn, smile when appropriate, etc.
Tips for the Interviewer
- The interviewer should be an active listener. He should not interrupt unnecessarily.
- The interviewer should be considerate enough. Even if the interviewer does not agree with the interviewee, he must respect the latters feelings.
- The interviewer should be friendly and understanding. He should begin the interview in a friendly manner, some friendly conversation and then show concern in family background, hobbies, etc. This will make the interviewee more relaxed and comfortable.
- The interviewer should restrain to the time allotted. He shouldnt indulge in arguments unnecessarily. He should try to be precise.
- The interviewer must be thoroughly prepared for the questions that are likely to be asked. He should be a good planner.
- The interviewer must focus attention on the interviewee. He should use positive gestures when conducting the interview.
- Encourage/invite questions from the interviewee. Ensure that the interviewee clarifies the question he has. When selected a candidate should not feel he was not told about a certain aspect of the job.
- Avoid distraction in the interview area.Ensure that there is no or minimal distraction where the interview is being conducted. A phone ringing all the time in the background can distract the interviewer and interviewee.