Line and Staff Organization

Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are attached to the line authority. The power of command always remains with the line executives and staff supervisors guide, advice and council the line executives. Personal Secretary to the Managing Director is a staff official.

                                               MANAGING DIRECTOR                                                                   
Production ManagerMarketing ManagerFinance Manager
Plant SupervisorMarket SupervisorChief Assisstant

Features of Line and Staff Organization

  1. There are two types of staff :
    1. Staff Assistants- P.A. to Managing Director, Secretary to Marketing Manager.
    2. Staff Supervisor- Operation Control Manager, Quality Controller, PRO
  2. Line and Staff Organization is a compromise of line organization. It is more complex than line concern.
  3. Division of work and specialization takes place in line and staff organization.
  4. The whole organization is divided into different functional areas to which staff specialists are attached.
  5. Efficiency can be achieved through the features of specialization.
  6. There are two lines of authority which flow at one time in a concern :
    1. Line Authority
    2. Staff Authority
  7. Power of command remains with the line executive and staff serves only as counselors.

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