Both the persons have contributed to development of science of management. The contribution of these two pioneers in the field of science of management has been reviewed as The work of Taylor & Fayol was, of course, especially complementary. They both realized that problem of personnel & its management at all levels is the key to individual success. Both applied scientific method to this problem that Taylor worked primarily from operative level, from bottom to upward, while Fayol concentrated on managing director and work downwards, was merely a reflection of their very different careers. They both differ from each other in following aspects: -
Similarity - Both emphasized mutual co-operation between employment and employees.
Fayols theory is more widely applicable than that of Taylor, although Taylors philosophy has undergone a big change Under influence of modern development, but Fayols principles of management have stood the test of time and are still being accepted as the core of management theory.
According to Psychologists, Taylors study had following drawbacks: -
|Human aspect||Taylor disregards human elements and there is more stress on improving men, materials and methods||Fayol pays due regards on human element. E.g. Principle of initiative, Espirit De Corps and Equity recognizes a need for human relations|
|Status||Father of scientific management||Father of management principles|
|Efficiency & administration||Stressed on efficiency||Stressed on general administration|
|Approach||It has micro-approach because it is restricted to factory only||It has macro-approach and discuses general principles of management which are applicable in every field of management.|
|Scope of principles||These principles are restricted to production activities||These are applicable in all kinds of organization regarding their management affairs|
|Achievement||Scientific management||Administrative management|