Information System for Knowledge Management

Introduction

Knowledge is very important for survival of organization. Historically, employees have gathered knowledge through trial-and-error method or by working as an apprentice under a tenured knowledgeable employee. Management guru Peter Drucker forwarded a concept that knowledge is as valuable as a company’s various asset like plant, machinery, etc.

Importance of Knowledge Management

Knowledge provides a competitive advantage to an employee as well as the organization. The data and information which come with knowledge help organization make an informed decision. For example, knowledge about competitors pricing model or business strategy can help organization work towards bettering the competitor. Historical data e.g sales data, pricing data, etc. can help organization improve existing or proposed business initiative.

Knowledge management is a highly iterative process which consists of six major tasks like create, capture, refine store, tag and circulate. The first step is to create or capture data and store it at appropriate location. The second step is to refine the data into meaningful information. The third step is to transmit information to relevant stakeholders.

There are two types of knowledge, which need to be capture as part of knowledge management. The first type is hard data in terms of numbers and figures. The second type of knowledge is the interpretation of data captured based on experience. The real need of the knowledge management system is to provide access to the knowledge base whenever required.

Knowledge Management System

The systems develop to capture, create, refine, tag and circulate information used to improve business productivity of the organization. There are three broadways of managing the knowledge system. The 1st way is utilization of information technology and systems to improve business efficiency. The 2nd way is utilization of organizational method to improve business efficiency. The 3rd way is creating a healthy workplace to facilitate improvement of business efficiency.

Structure

The structure of the knowledge management system is dependent on the business strategy of the organization. The final structure needs to have alignment of technology, organizational structure and work culture.

Types of Knowledge Management Systems

Based on structure and requirement of organization, there are several types of knowledge management systems. Some of them are as follows:

  • Expert Systems

    These are knowledge management systems developed to facilitate a Subject Matter Expert. This module provides knowledge of different subjects.

  • Groupware

    In the current global scenario, team members are spread across regions. However, it is important for them to collaborate on various projects. Groupware is a knowledge management system which helps in sharing calendar, project activities and instant messaging.

  • SharePoint

    It is important for team to store various documents at a single location. SharePoint enables a user to store multiple version of the same document, helps a user search through folders for document, etc.

  • Decision Support System

    Decision support system helps floor managers; Sales Manager, CEO, etc. take decisions to finalize business or operational strategy. Decision support system comprises of primary data as well as secondary data. Decision support system enables editing of data and converts it information in the desired format.

  • Database Management System

    Knowledge management systems which support active storage and retrieval of data are known as a database management system.


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Management Information System