Paper-Work in Job Order Costing
The job begins with a quotation given to a client. For the client, all that matters in the quotation are the costs involved. However, for the contractor, quotation is almost a research document. Giving out quotations requires estimation. Contractors usually have fixed methodologies for estimating these costs. A study of past quotations can tell if the contractor has been making the estimations correctly or have they over or under priced certain jobs.
Sales order is document which signifies that the client has accepted the quotation. Work on a job can only be started only after the sales order has been received by the concerned department. Without the sales order, resources will not be allocated to this job.
Job Cost Sheet:
A job cost sheet tracks the costs as and when they are incurred throughout the job. The costs are updated regularly as and when they are incurred. Out of these, labor and material costs are actual costs whereas overheads are estimates. The company may have to correct its estimates of overhead allocation later.
Material Requisition Form:
Material requisition forms help track where the material is being used. Since the material requisition form specifies the exact job for which material is being used, material costs can be accurately recorded. In the absence of material requisition form there will be immense confusion over which material was used for which job and what was the cost of that material.
Companies also keep a track of the freight charges that they have incurred for a specific job. Each freight ticket needs to be authorized with a job code and the costs must be added to the job cost sheet. In the absence of these tickets allocation of these costs will be a problem.
Labor tickets track the time that different laborers with different skill level have spent on the job. Based on this information, the labor cost can easily be allocated to different jobs.
Invoice is the document which signifies the completion of a job as requested by the client. When the invoice is accepted by the client, the contractor can consider the job complete. It is here that the contractors are legally allowed to recognize the revenues as well as the costs that were incurred in the job. Based on when the customer is paying, the cash account or the accounts receivable amount needs to be debited.
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- What is Job Order Costing ?
- Relationship Between Types of Costs and Inventory
- Types of Costs to be Allocated in Job Order Costing
- Allocating Overheads in Job Order Costing
- Pre-Determined Allocation Rate
- Paper-Work in Job Order Costing
- Job Costing and Service Firms
- Advantages of Job order Costing
- Disadvantages of Job Order Costing System
- Procedure of Job Order Costing
- Spoilage and Rework in Job Order Costing System
- Scrap and Job Order Costing
- Contribution Margin
- Multiproduct Contribution Margin
- Constraints and Contribution Margin Analysis
- Consequences of Incorrect Job Order Costing