Inventory Management deals essentially with balancing the inventory levels. Inventory is categorized into two types based on the demand pattern, which creates the need for inventory. The two types of demand are Independent Demand and Dependant Demand for inventories.
Managing Raw Material Inventories is far more complicated than managing Finished Goods Inventory. This involves analyzing and co-coordinating delivery capacity, lead times and delivery schedules of all raw material suppliers, coupled with the logistical processes and transit timelines involved in transportation and warehousing of raw materials before they are ready to be supplied to the production shop floor. Raw material management also involves periodic review of the inventory holding, inventory counting and audits, followed by detailed analysis of the reports leading to financial and management decisions.
Inventory planners who are responsible for planning, managing and controlling Raw Material inventories have to answer two fundamental questions, which can also be termed as two basic inventory decisions.
Answering the above two questions will call for a lot of back end work and analysis involving inventory classifications and EOQ determination coupled with Cost analysis. These decisions are always taken in co ordination with procurement, logistics and finance departments.
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